President Cyril Ramaphosa of South Africa has said that the deadly violence that rocked the country in the past week was planned.
He initially resisted arrest but later turned himself in on Wednesday but challenged his sentence.
Following the arrest of Zuma, who wields support among the poor and among loyalists in the ruling African National Congress (ANC), protests broke out in the country.
The protests quickly turned into looting as crowds pillaged shopping malls and warehouses, hauling away goods as police stood by, seemingly powerless to act.
Reacting, Ramaphosa on Friday while addressing journalists in KwaZulu-Natal province, the epicenter of the unrest, said authorities have identified 12 suspects.
“It is quite clear that all these incidents of unrest and looting were instigated, there were people who planned it and coordinated it.
“We are going after them, we have identified a good number of them, and we will not allow anarchy and mayhem to just unfold in our country,” Ramaphosa told reporters.